Table 10 Items That May Be Checked Regularly in Persons with Diabetes Monitoring Tool
Glucose control HbA1c, fructosamine, CBGs, eAG Lipids Fasting lipid panel ± special lipid tests
Blood pressure BP cuff measurements
Large vessel health EKG, carotid IMT
Small vessel health
Feet Inspection, microfilament, capillary refill, ABIs
Kidneys Serum creatinine, estimated CCr, MACR Eyes Retinal imaging, dilated eye exam Peripheral nerves Monofilament, NCV testing, touch and
vibration perception, proprioception*
Autonomic nerves Postural BP, pulse, RR variation
Abbreviations: HbA1c: hemoglobin A1c; CBGs: capillary (fingerstick) blood glucoses; eAG: estimated average glucose; BP: blood pressure; EKG (ECG): electrocardiogram; IMT: intimal-medial thickness by ultrasound; ABIs: ankle- brachial indices; CCr: creatinine clearance; MACR: microalbumen-to-creati- nine ratio; NCV: nerve conduction velocity; RR: R-wave to R-wave (on EKG).
and others may require referral to another specialist. A
detailed eye examination is an example of the latter.